INFLUENCE OF THE SELECTED MINORITY GROUP ON GENTRIFICATION OF CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOOD EDGEWATER

Jelena Randjelović

Abstract


As the world became more globalized place, big cities became social self-sustained eco-systems. Constant change of cities is an essential part of its charm, but also a possible problem. Changes of urban cities with worst connotation are gentrification and gentrification is the cause of segregation on so many levels. This paper analyzes what factors led to the process of gentrification of the Edgewater neighborhood in Chicago, Illinois (USA). The main goal is to discover the possible causes of a gentrification’s paths and its influence on changing urban neighborhoods. This paper uses the example of Edgewater and the influence of the LGBT community on the neighborhood gentrification. Using theories and methodology of urban sociology, it identifies Edgewater as a ‘gayborhood’, analyzes factors of the creation of such a community, its specific culture and symbolic representation. Finally, it questions the exploitation of this specific culture as a base for symbolic economy, growth machine and gentrification of the neighborhood.


Keywords


urban geography; neighborhood; community; gentrification; cultural representation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andersonville, Edgewater top nationwide “Neighborhood Pride” score; Boystown absent (2017). GoPride, Chicagopride.com. Retrieved from http://chicago.gopride.com/index.cfm (Accessed on July 3rd, 2017)

Atkinson, R., & Wulff, M. (2009). Gentrification and displacement: a review of approaches and findings in the literature, AHURI Positioning Paper No. 115. 4. p. 6 Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute Limited: Melbourne. Retrieved from https://www.ahuri.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0015/2733/AHURI_Positioning_Paper_No115_Gentrification-and-displacement-a-review-of-approaches-and-findings-in-the-literature.pdf

Betancur, J. J., & Smith, J. L. (2016). Claiming Neighborhood: New Ways of Understanding Urban Change, (pp. 1-23). Chicago, USA: University of Illinois Press.

Durkheim, É., & Simpson, G. (1933). Émile Durkheim on the Division of Labor in Society. New York, USA: Macmillan.

Koziarz, J. (2016). Edgewater Group Pushes for New Lakefront Extension North of Hollywood. Curbed Chicago (Chicago). Retrieved from https://chicago.curbed.com/2016/6/1/11830332/chicago-edgewater-lakefront-extension-renderings

Logan, J., & Molotch, H. (2013). The City as Growth Machine. The Urban Sociology Reader (pp. 109–117). New York, USA: Routledge.

McLaughlin, R. (2017). Pride of the neighborhood. Trulia. Retrieved from https://www.trulia.com/research/pride-2017/

Pinckney, R. (2012). Edgewater among top 10 gayest neighborhoods in America. Redeye, Chicago Tribune. Retrieved from http://www.chicagotribune.com/redeye-edgewater-among-top-10-gayest-neighborhoods-in-america-20120621-story.html

Podmolik, M. E. (2014). “Geyborhoods” are changing, researcher finds. Chicago Tribune (Chicago). Retrieved from http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/ct-gayborhoods-0804-biz20140804-story.html

Rice, L., & Ali, T. (2017). More Gay, Bisexual Singles Live In Edgewater Than Boystown: Report. DNAinfo. Retrieved from https://www.dnainfo.com/chicago/20170614/edgewater/gay-singles-map-lesbian-bisexual-same-sex-dating-what-neighborhoods-have-the-most-edgewater-boystown-kenwood-andersonville-lakeview-uptown

Schlichtman, J. J., Patch, J., & Lamont, M. (2017). Gentrifier (pp. 1–39). Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press.

Simmel, G. (2013). The Metropolis and Mental Life. The Urban Sociology Reader (pp. 23–31). New York, USA: Routledge.

Slater, T. (2009). Missing Marcuse: On gentrification and displacement. City, 13(2–3), 4, 292–311. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/13604810902982250

Statistical Atlas, Edgewater, Chicago, Illinois, web. http://statisticalatlas.com/ neighborhood/Illinois/Chicago/Edgewater/Household-Types Retrieved from http://chicago. gopride.com/news/article.cfm/articleid/86041441 (Accessed on July 2nd, 2017)

Tönnies, F. (2013). Community and Society. The Urban Sociology Reader (pp. 16–23). New York, USA: Routledge.

Wellmen, B., & Leighton, B. (2013). Networks, Neighborhoods and Communities: Approaches to the Study of the Community Question. The Urban Sociology Reader (pp. 58–67). New York, USA: Routledge.

Wirth, L. (2013). Urbanism as a Way of Life. The Urban Sociology Reader (pp. 32–42). New York, USA: Routledge.

Zukin, S. (2010). Gentrification as Market and Place. In J. Brown–Saracino, (Ed), The Gentrification Debates (pp. 37–44). New York, USA: Routledge.

Zukin, S. (2013). Whose Culture? Whose City? The Urban Sociology Reader (pp. 349–357). New York, USA: Routledge.

https://www.cityofchicago.org/city/en/about/facts.html (Accessed on June 29th, 2017)

http://www.cmap.illinois.gov/documents/10180/326513/Chapter+1_Demographics/87618538-486c-4d36-a141-3f3413e4d0a4 Accessed on July 2nd, 2017

http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/413.html (Accessed on July 2nd, 2017)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/IJGI1802281R

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial - NoDerivs 4.0

Printed edition: ISSN 0350-7599

Electronic edition: ISSN 1821-2808

Publisher: Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA (Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts), Djure Jakšića 9, Belgrade 11000, Serbia